Before removing a tooth, the dentist will carefully study its medical and dental history, and take the appropriate x-rays. X-rays reveal the length, shape, position of the tooth and the surrounding bone. From this information, the dentist will estimate the degree of difficulty of the procedure and decide whether to refer you to a specialist called an oral surgeon. Before extraction, the dentist will anesthetize the area around the tooth. To do this, use a local anesthetic that numbs the area of the mouth where the extraction will take place. In a simple extraction, once the area is anesthetized, the dentist loosen the tooth with the help of an instrument called an elevator and then extract it with dental forceps. You may want to smooth and reshape the underlying bone. Once finished, you will decide if it is convenient to close the area with a period.
Simple extraction – This procedure is performed on teeth that can be seen. To perform a simple extraction, the dentist loosen the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses forceps to remove the tooth.
Surgical Extraction – This is a more complex procedure, which is used when a tooth breaks in the gums or is not born. The surgeon will make a small incision in the gum to surgically remove the affected tooth or wisdom tooth.