Today we will deal with a very important topic related to bruxism, the symptoms of bruxism, its causes, consequences and treatment so that you are informed and go to the dentist immediately if you have any of these symptoms.
What is bruxism?
Bruxism is a pathology that consists of clenching and grinding the teeth involuntarily, causing not only the wear of the teeth but also other problems that we will mention later.
The practice of bruxing occurs more than anything at night (nocturnal bruxism), during sleep, but it can also occur at any time of the day (diurnal bruxism).
This dental condition is known as a silent disease, it is suffered by a large percentage of the population although it mainly affects children and young people (it tends to disappear), men and women alike. However, 10% of adults can also suffer from this condition.
With what we have just explained, we could say that bruxism numbness of the teeth is something that must be treated in time to avoid a major problem and is detected mainly in the dental check-up if it is a mild bruxism, but if it is serious, you can realize with the symptoms that we will mention later.
Causes of bruxism
The actual origin of bruxism is unknown, but it is believed to be due to a combination of psychological, physical and genetic factors.
Factors such as stress, anxiety, anger, frustration and sleep disorders can be the main causes of this dental problem or bruxism clenching your teeth.
It is also considered that poor sleeping posture, poor diet, misaligned teeth or the presence of breathing disorders during sleep can also be causes of bruxism.
We must be attentive to the causes of bruxism, since people who grind and clench their teeth are more likely to develop other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea (pause in breathing) or snoring.
Symptoms of bruxism
Bruxism as a dental condition can produce some of the following symptoms depending on the severity of this pathology:
- Grinding your teeth with a sound so loud that it can wake up another person
- headache and migraine
- Pain and inflammation of the cervical, neck, face, back and even the ear (although it is not really an ear problem)
- Tooth sensitivity and increased pain
- Pain in the cranial muscles in general
- Jaw disorders such as difficulty opening or closing it completely, as well as tiredness and stiffness of the jaw muscles.
- Teeth that are worn, flattened, fractured, loose, or chipped
- Wounds from biting the inside of the cheek
- Sleep disturbance and general tiredness
- Bruxism can cause toothache although more like a sensation of clenching the teeth rather than a pain like cavities.
As you can see, there are many symptoms of bruxism with which you can tell if you are suffering from this dental pathology and for which you should promptly seek dental treatment and even another type of treatment if the cause of the disorder is more due to to psychological or genetic factors.
Treatment of bruxism
Bruxism can have several treatment fronts, depending on the severity of this pathology and the possible factors that are causing it.
Some of the treatments that can be performed are:
Occlusal relief splints
In most cases, and especially when it comes to nocturnal bruxism, the use of a splint or prosthesis adjusted to the patient’s teeth is recommended, which is used at night to prevent tooth wear and relax the ATM joint.
These splints are very thin removable plates, generally made of transparent plastic material that are placed in one of the two dental arches.
Through muscle massages of the neck, shoulders, face and stretching exercises, you can help reduce this problem of bruxism and relax the chewing muscles.
These sessions are carried out by a physiotherapist specialized in the cervical and cranial area who will teach exercises to do at home in order to relax the muscles, relieve pain and protect the teeth.
Reconstruction of teeth or prosthetic rehabilitation
In cases of very advanced bruxism, it is necessary to carry out a dental reconstruction to recover the ideal joint position and reconstruct the lost dental part.
This dental rehabilitation can be done with dental veneers in the area of the incisor teeth or with inlays on the molars and premolars.
Also part of the treatments for bruxism are medications or muscle relaxants to minimize the symptoms of the disease as a temporary treatment since the problem must be treated from the root.
These types of medications must be ordered by the GP.
Also remember that bruxism is corrected with orthodontic treatment, so do not hesitate to contact us.
Also, depending on the severity or level of stress and anxiety that is managed, psychological treatment may be used to give controlled management to these psychological symptoms that may be manifesting in bruxism.
Since you know much more about the symptoms of bruxism, its causes, consequences, treatment and others, you should be careful to visit the dentist promptly and avoid a major problem with your teeth.
Additionally, we recommend you avoid the consumption of energy drinks, caffeine, tea and carbonated drinks, especially at night, laugh a lot to avoid stress and anxiety, and listen to relaxing music before bed and visit the dentist at least twice a year. who will be able to detect early the symptoms of bruxism and other conditions in your teeth.