The terms demineralization of the teeth may not be very common or easy to understand for some people, therefore, we consider it important to clarify them and give you much more information about this important topic that can unprotect our teeth and cause dental problems.
What is tooth demineralization?
The demineralization of the teeth is the progressive loss of minerals that are part of the tooth enamel.
The effect of the demineralization of the enamel causes it to weaken, making the tooth more prone to caries and dental diseases, since the enamel is the protection of the tooth but it is too sensitive and we must take care of it.
Visually, the demineralized tooth can be seen with an uneven coloration, with a lack of brightness and whiteness compared to other healthy teeth.
Initially this problem may start as a simple white opacity, but as the disease progresses this stain tends to turn yellow or brown, as it becomes rough, the tooth loses its smooth and polished texture, caries occurs and black hole dots.
All of the above, in addition to being unsightly on the teeth, also interferes with functionality since the teeth weaken, fractures, infections and even the loss of the teeth involved can occur.
Since you are clear about the meaning of dematerialization, now let’s see its causes and how you can protect yourself to avoid demineralization of the teeth.
Causes of demineralization
The main cause of the demineralization of the teeth is the acids that are formed when eating food.
Product of the mixture between the sugar and starch present in the food, plus the bacteria that we have in the mouth or bacterial plaque, the acids that dissolve and weaken the dental enamel are formed.
Thus, when there is a demineralization of calcium and phosphates in the enamel, caries occurs.
When we suffer from vomiting or reflux, our own gastric fluids promote dental demineralization.
Other factors such as tobacco and alcohol consumption are also common causes of this process.
How can we protect ourselves from demineralization?
To avoid this process of weakening the enamel and its consequences, we must follow the following recommendations:
- Avoid or moderate your intake of acidic foods
- Reduce or avoid consumption of carbonated and energy drinks
- Increase the consumption of dairy products such as milk, cheese, butter and yogurt, as they contain proteins that help reduce bacterial plaque. Additionally, due to their casein content, they help in demineralization in general.
- Drink enough water to keep saliva production stable, which promotes the protection and calcification of tooth enamel.
- From time to time, chew sugar-free gum to encourage saliva production and regulate the acidity in your mouth.
- Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste, preferably after each meal and for two to three minutes.
- Do not brush immediately after eating but wait at least 30 minutes. This is so that you allow the saliva to act and regulate the PH of the mouth
- Floss your teeth every day
- Use antibacterial mouthwash to reduce the number of harmful bacteria in the mouth.
- Use fluoride, which helps in the conservation and recovery of enamel and its minerals. This should be recommended by the dentist since its use cannot be abused either.
Remineralization: a solution to demineralization
As we mentioned before, tooth decay occurs when the outer layer of the teeth, which is the enamel, weakens and a cavity forms and subsequently a hole in the tooth.
However, if the caries is detected early and has not yet formed a hole in the tooth, it is possible to carry out a remineralization treatment for which calcium and fluoride are deposited in the tooth and thus prevent the caries from continuing with its process of drilling the tooth, in addition to avoiding the dental filling.
In short, remineralization is one of the solutions to mineral loss in tooth enamel, but it only works when caries is at an early stage.
At CondorDent, we have a group of Spanish-speaking professionals who will attend to any oral health problem such as tooth demineralization and many other aesthetic issues.
Now that you know a little more about the process demineralization of the teeth, its causes and recommendations to avoid it, we invite you to take all precautionary measures so that you do not suffer from this process that can cause cavities.
evitarla, te invitamos a que tomes todas las medidas de precaución para que no sufras este proceso que puede causar la caries.